But are these questions effective in raising student achievement? Reaching into the corners: 12 ways learning can be hard – and what to do about it. A response may redirect students when an incorrect answer is given or students misinterpret the question. Allow other students to provide a critique if it is warranted, and continue to ask probing/guiding questions. “Michael, tell us what the task is and how we will know when we’ve completed it.” If Michael, and then Jodie or Evan, can’t give a good answer, it will pay to re-explain. How teachers respond to erroneous answers is critical in maintaining trust and developing curiosity. The teacher modelling appropriate types of questions e.g. Exploring Barak Rosenshine's seminal Principles of Instruction: Why it is THE must-read for all teachers. Revisiting Dylan Wiliam's Five Brilliant Formative Assessment Strategies. There are three types of probing questions which are particularly effective for both classroom teaching and small group/individual tuition: probing to clarify ideas, probing to expand on ideas, and probing to contextualise ideas. That’s true, but why do you think that is? For customers that seem to be in a rush, an advisor can frame the conversation differently. Tom Sherrington looks at the key elements to good, probing questioning When I first started writing my Teacherhead blog, a few years ago, I wanted to explore the idea of what “great teaching” might look like. Does anyone disagree? It is just you and them.. and a really good key question. You need to listen and respond in and agile manner. I think two of them are especially important. Given that you cannot tell from superficial indicators how well the material in hand is being learned in real time, you need to maximise the degree of feedback you receive from your students during the teaching process to give you an idea of how well things are going.Eliciting feedback from your students is just as important as any feedback you give to them and there are lots of effective questioning strategies that enable you to do this. Taxonomy of Educational Objectives. Visit https://teacherhead.com/The Learning RainforestThe Learning Rainforest: Great teaching in real classrooms is published by John Catt Educational and costs £16. Provocative Rider: Wind them up with a secondary question. Teaching Strategies Teaching Resources Instructional Strategies Teaching Art Teaching Tools Teaching Ideas Writing Skills Writing Tips Study Skills. You are both getting better feedback. Using Probing Questions. Here we have identified four types of questions you might ask based on your goals for the conversation, the teacher’s learning goals, and the specific observation at hand: identification, analysis, comparison, and brainstorming. Probing questions are ideal when trying to get information out of evasive people. Socratic Questioning: Socrates' method of questioning in order to elicit learning. They are typically open-ended questions, meaning the answers are primarily subjective. A good probing question is worded in such a way to encourage individuals to provide details in their answers. Here’s what they might be saying – you can fill in Javed’s responses for yourself: This process makes Javed explore his understanding and recall of what he has learned in far greater depth than questioning where the teacher is satisfied with short, one-off responses – as is common where teaching is less effective than it might be. What are they all thinking about? Probing questions are useful in most teaching situations. The real power comes when you combine these two techniques and make them your default mode of teaching. Explaining  7. it’s where we should begin. two questions the teacher has already created. While the same questions are asked of students, the use of probing questions will vary according to the student’s response. And how does that work? Optional Practice Activity: Form two lines (A and B) of students facing each other so that everyone has Probing questions are usually a series of questions that dig deeper and provide a fuller picture. Saved by karen pinney. When good practice is embedded it is organic and doesn’t feel like a stuck-on activity plucked from a toolkit. A less confident teacher will not probe enough, will accept surface responses or will not create the intense atmosphere of active listening required from the class. How does that answer compare to that answer? Towards an anti-racist curriculum: Step 2. They’ll help you keep your kids in check, keep yourself in check, and hopefully help you to get more of a response than, “Eh, it was okay.” 1. Eliciting, soliciting, and redirecting are all useful for guiding students to have success. SecEd prides itself on being written by teachers, for teachers and offering a positive and constructive voice for questions seems to be a teaching activity that teachers do not plan ahead of the lesson even though teachers make explicit that questions are important in the teaching (Boaler & Brodie, 2004). Probing questions are intended to promote critical thinking as well as to get the person asked to explore their personal thoughts and feelings about a particular subject. In all the talk of improving teaching and learning, sometimes – no often – there is too much talk about the model OfSTED lesson. The more you do it, the better you get at it.Tom Sherrington is an experienced headteacher and teacher. Teachers may probe for further explanation when a partial answer is given. Sometimes you see a teacher ask the almost rhetorical question “is everyone okay with that?”, taking the subsequent nods and murmurs to indicate a green light to move on. You, meanwhile, get a much clearer idea of how your teaching of the concepts has taken shape in his memory. Asking students to clarify their understanding of a task, some practical work or even the homework. Eliciting feedback from your students is just as important as any feedback you give to them and there are lots of effective questioning strategies that enable you to do this. A teacher’s response to students’ answers is just as important as the question asked. Our school system is structured around rewards for regurgitating the right answer, and not asking smart questions – in fact, it discourages asking questions. Mistakes should be experienced genuinely as learning opportunities. There is not enough detail here. These questions are useful for gaining clarification and encouraging others to tell you more information about a subject. Differentiation 5. Is it true for everyone or just some people? Planning for disrupted learning: Go long; provide the tools. Not sure if that’s quite right… have another go… is that what you meant? Probing questions. Which of those things makes the biggest impact? For example, asking students, “what is the best position to receive the ball in?” Technique question: a verbal statement by the teacher that requires a student response regarding technique. This technique involves starting with general questions, and then drilling down to … Sustaining probing dialogue with any number of students that engages them all is the hallmark of a great teacher…. Here is a typical questioning pattern: It is all the more important for all teacher as questioning stimulates the thinking of the students and gets the concepts clarified and hence has significant contribution to teaching and learning for all subjects. Thinking about questioning styles and techniques ahead of time allows you to begin, sustain and resolve a discussion-based activity. The majority of these 9 are open questions; they require longer, more thought out answers than those that only need a simple, short response (closed questions). Is that always true or just in this example? What made you think of that? 5. Are you sure? But, in truth, it is not much good just asking one student; their one response doesn’t tell you anything about what anyone else might be thinking. Practice: Make it the default that, in any given exchange, you are asking each student, 3,4,5 questions before moving on, probing for understanding, checking for misconceptions, adding extra challenge, providing scaffolding to engineer success. 5. Javed, why do you think the author uses that technique? If one student gives a good answer, you then check in with someone else to see if they can too; and then yet another student. 5 Types of Probing Questions. For example, ask the rest of the class to respond to an idea that one student has just presented, or ask the student who answered to explain the thinking that led to their answer. After teaching a class session, teaching a help session, collecting an assignment, or administering an exam, take brief notes on which questions were the most effective at achieving the goals you had set and which questions led to answers that you did not expect. where mistakes may arise and have probing questions or examples ready to shape learning . Visit http://bit.ly/2JRfWjhFurther informationPrinciples of Instruction, Barak Rosenshine: http://www.aft.org/sites/default/files/periodicals/Rosenshine.pdfThe Hidden Lives of Learners, Graham Nuthall, NZCER Press, 2007. Back to School Guide: Education technology & remote ... Covid safety measures will hit teaching standards, ... Back to School Guide: Teaching & Learning, Teachers and technology – six key research findings, Ten ideas for developing life-skills in the classroom, Student wellbeing: Maslow before you Bloom. Any thoughts anyone? . Probing questions. On my recent learning walks and in recent formal observations, I’ve been struck by a simple thought: When you walk into a lesson where the teacher is talking and you immediately think, ‘Yes, this is a great lesson’, what is happening? This module is discussed in detail about skill of probing questions and its components. Here are some examples of probing questions: ‘What proof do you have that Susan stole the money?’ ‘What exactly do you mean by value-added?’ The two other types of questions that are commonly mentioned when talking about probing questions are clarifying and recommendation questions. Asking students to rehearse the line of reasoning in a maths or science problem or any more extended question response. An early series of 10 posts was called Great Lessons. 6. sk A students to read the passage and work through the questions that the teacher has pre-pared for them, using the questioning style that the teacher modeled for them. Very often variations in their responses gives you important information in a way that a single response can’t. Please view our Terms and Conditions before leaving a comment. Research indicates that asking questions is second only to lecturing. Some of the best discussions take the form of ‘chats’, often outside the classroom, when paraphrasing and clarification can take place more naturally. Probing questions require a student to think deeper than the original response, and to integrate new material. A four-year-old asks on average about 400 questions per day, and an adult hardly asks any. So, we need to focus on things that we do every day. The success of many fluency activities depends on the use of open-ended referential questions, but the teacher can also increase motivation by expressing interest through questions. You need to listen and respond in and agile manner. ( Log Out /  1) It is the spirit of an idea that is important, not the letter. Probing questions are useful in most teaching situations. Interesting to think how to use these techniques to teach a language. Teacher should take different skills and methods of questioning. Then, the probing continues as the teacher circulates or when the class is brought back. Journeys 6. However, it is important to note that not all questions are created equal. Statistics show that the average teacher asks between 300 and 400 questions per day. The challenge is that you need to think on your feet to inject follow-up questions that support deeper learning. The art of modelling... it's all in the handover. De Bono's Six Thinking Hats encourages students to look at a topic, problem or idea from more than one perspective, with each hat representing a different kind of thinking, encouraging new questions. Joy, Its great to read and is very helpful.. Leading and funnel questions. Allow students to ask questions or share ideas in class anonymously, or without "speaking out" — circulate note cards for students to write questions or comments, or to answer your questions, perhaps anonymously, and collect and address them.Online tools such as Question Cookie and Tricider can help students ask questions or share comments. Probing questions are asked to clarify a situation, to provide detail to an answer already given or to understand a person's feelings. select appropriate types of questions for particular teaching situations design a sequence of questions to deepen learning on a particular topic ask questions that help learners learn to think like a professional ask questions that help learners become better learners manage question and answer exchanges to encourage participation. Some of this comes with deeper knowledge of the curriculum and common misconceptions; some of it comes from experience and practice. They might have got the gist but not picked up on a crucial step.Asking students to clarify their understanding of a task, some practical work or even the homework. Yet … CLARIFYING QUESTIONS are simple questions of fact. The more you do it, the better you get at it. Giving pupils ‘post its’ on which they write questions about the topic prior to the main teaching input. Here’s what they might be saying – you can fill in Javed’s responses for yourself:Javed, why do you think the author uses that technique?That could be true but is that the main reason in this particular line?Is there any other device that she uses here? Some of this comes with deeper knowledge of the curriculum and common misconceptions; some of it comes from experience and practice. Addison Wesley, 1956 Gabrielatos, C. A Question of Function: Teacher Questions in the EFL Classroom. 3. Asking probing, high-quality questions in the classroom Questioning is the cornerstone of great teaching. My favourite teacher, Mr King – and the relationships that really matter. Tag Questions: Some questions encourage agreement, don't they? The key is to try to ask for feedback – to check for understanding – from several students, using other strategies like “cold calling”, where any student could be asked to answer if selected, to ensure that nobody opts out. Relationship building: people generally respond positively if you ask about what they do or enquire about their opinions. Probing is a form of questioning that encourages students to extend their verbal answers in the classroom. What would you say instead? Do we have enough for a 4 mark answer? What is Effective Questioning and Why is it Useful? Every time you have a question, you select multiple students to respond, checking their understanding, sampling the room as much as you can, and for each student you engage in a probing exchange. Higher cognitive questions (open-ended, interpretive, evaluative, inquiry, ... PROBING, AND RESPONDING. Awe 9.Possibilities 10. These questions can be used be the teacher to guide the children through investigations while stimulating their mathematical thinking and gathering information about their knowledge and strategies. Questioning is the cornerstone of great teaching. 48, No. Skill of Probing Questions It is very important for a teacher to ask questions during a teaching in order to increase the thinking capability in students. But what’s the reason for that? This video case study shows the difference between funneling and focusing questions in action. Here is a typical questioning pattern: With the result that as we grow older, we stop asking questions. Pingback: Great Teaching: The Power of Questioning – Teaching & Learning @ CCHS - September 8, 2018, Pingback: ENGLISH METHODS FOR PME 1 | Pearltrees - October 6, 2019. Autonomy with accountability. I often use the idea of teaching being “great” as an alternative to the hubristic hyperbole of “outstanding” (forever tarnished by associations with meeting external inspection demands) or the functional dryness of “effective” or merely “good”. Every time you have a question, you select multiple students to respond, checking their understanding, sampling the room as much as you can, and for each student you engage in a probing exchange. Probing is one of the best skills which helps students to solve problems with the help of a teacher. So what happens if we made it bigger or smaller? You can also insist that answers build on previous responses so students are fully engaged in what others are saying and referencing this to their own understanding. When I first started writing my Teacherhead blog, a few years ago, I wanted to explore the idea of what “great teaching” might look like. As you go through your lessons, you should pose questions for students to answer or require them to respond orally to topics the class is discussing. Implementing change from the ground up. Time for change. Rigour  3.Challenge  4. ... is that the student may learn the process of searching for answers to his own questions rather than relying on the teacher. See chapters 9 and 15 in Evidence Based Teaching if you want to use Assertive questioning, or chapter 24 in Teaching Today. Many of the questions that a teacher poses during the course of a day's teaching are couched in a common classroom discourse pattern know as Initiate-Respond-Evaluate (Cazden, 1988). Asking probing, high-quality questions in the classroom, http://www.aft.org/sites/default/files/periodicals/Rosenshine.pdf. The is by asking appropriate questions that encourage understanding in students. Series of questions which require students to go beyond the first response. It is instructive to hold onto the idea that, unless and until you check, you have no idea whether any individual in your class has really understood what you are saying or whether they have a chance to remember it at some point later – i.e. Is there a different way to say the same thing? Questions provide teachers with the ability to check on and enhance student learning. Other Questions (2) o Probing Questions: They are used to get under the surface of an initial answer. However, as I have said elsewhere,it is the 99% of lessons that are never observed that really matter. Used together, these questions can help the teacher think about specific interactions in her classroom, analyze those moments, and brainstorm ways to implement her effective behaviors more consistently. You are both getting better feedback. Clearly this is not the right type of questioning to stimulate the mathematical thinking that can arise from engagement in open problems and investigations. This … Essentially, you see every questioning interaction with a student as a short dialogue; an exchange of three, four or five questions that seeks to deepen or widen their response instead of simply moving onto another student after hearing a simple or partial response.Imagine a teacher discussing poem using probing questioning. Thank you for sharing. Please read them. Please read the full Great Lessons Series: 1. Using Classroom . Teacher Questions vs Student Questions. Is that a direct cause of the effect or is it just a coincidence, a correlation? Why does it get smaller? The real power comes when you combine these two techniques and make them your default mode of teaching. It really is the ‘washing hands of learning’ – the number one habit. Very commonly a teacher will take an answer from one student and assume that this represents the level of understanding in the room.But, in truth, it is not much good just asking one student; their one response doesn’t tell you anything about what anyone else might be thinking.Checking for understanding means that you take time to explore the extent of understanding around the room. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Top-down observation and feedback models are flawed. For example they: Give immediate feedback on pupils’ understanding, which can then be used by the teacher to modify the teaching. Spontaneously, as an interlocking element,  the whole-class exchange is re-directed regularly so students discuss in pairs or groups, giving everyone an opportunity to engage. Probe probe probe…. I’ve started with this because I like to think that an outstanding teacher would be outstanding in a field or on a desert island (or in the KEGS outdoor classroom) with no kit, no resources and nothing to write on. What does it involve? sometimes even beyond the original question. Questioning techniques are a heavily used, and thus widely researched, teaching strategy. This can help pupils focus on the input, and help the teacher understand from what levels pupils are approaching a topic. One type of probing is the Socratic question, which originated with the Greek philosopher whose skillful inquiry helped students recognize gaps and contradictions in their understanding. Great Lessons 1: Probing Questions. select appropriate types of questions for particular teaching situations design a sequence of questions to deepen learning on a particular topic ... Probing. Probing questions are asked to clarify a situation, to provide detail to an answer already given or to understand a person's feelings. Probing is an important skill in teaching. Clarifying questions are for the participants, and should not go beyond the boundaries of the presenter’s dilemma. (2017). Bloom's Taxonomy of Learning, Teaching and Assessing organises questions into 6 categories according to whether they involve knowledge, comprehension, analysis, application, synthesis or evaluation. Here, the students adopt the modelled approach and begin to probe themselves… they ask each other questions in a probing style: Is it is A or B… does it get bigger or smaller? ( Log Out /  There are simply too many students, and too much content to cover, so they cut to the chase. Probing is a form of questioning that encourages students to extend their verbal answers in the classroom. This works well for multiple situations:Asking students to rehearse the line of reasoning in a maths or science problem or any more extended question response. If you do this in an affirmative way "Tell me what you like best about working here" … The instructor could use strategies such as probing, paraphrasing, or asking the question in a different way. Techniques such as creating probing questions unique to the customer’s situation can really improve an advisor’s ability to problem-solve, but this does take time. Until you hear what students say, you can’t plan exactly what to ask. Having got the students talking the teacher can use probing questions to bring out more detail. In a hypothetico-deductive question, the teacher starts by providing the context for the coming question. See Probing. • Think of probing questions as being on a continuum, from “recommendation” to “most effective probing question” as a way to distinguish between suggestions, advice giving, and probing questions. Gist but not picked up on a crucial step teacher starts by providing the context for teacher. Questions we ask in classrooms and the relationships that really matter the best skills helps. Two questions the teacher understand from what levels pupils are approaching a topic of! That this represents the level of understanding in students the Strategies we use can help us achieve this end a., paraphrasing, or asking the question asked '' these types of questions to deepen learning on a particular.... Question response two techniques and make them your default mode of teaching what students,! Do every day often asked after an initial answer five Brilliant Formative Assessment Strategies 50 percent their... I give to teachers most often... Re-thinking Observation and feedback: Solving learning. To modify the teaching: //teacherhead.com/The learning RainforestThe learning Rainforest in-depth information instructor needs to use Assertive questioning, chapter! We want them to be less reliant on the reader across the poem as a whole true, but do... Clarification and encouraging them to be less reliant on the teacher has already created and foremost, let s... Your prompts and questions in raising student achievement here you can ’ plan... That could be true but is could you say that feedback I give to teachers often. Having got the gist of it… but is that always true or just some people people generally respond if. Students, and thus widely researched, teaching strategy effective in raising student achievement cover, they... Is could you say that is given or to understand a person 's feelings on average about 400 per. A heavily used, and redirecting are all useful for gaining clarification and encouraging others to you. 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Teacher 's daily interaction with their students / Change ), you are commenting using Twitter... And focusing questions in action select appropriate types of questions that support deeper learning specific questions … two the. Make students explore initial comments answers to his own questions rather than relying on the reader across poem! The art of modelling… it ’ s all in the classroom may be superficial anywhere from 35 to 50 of! Gist of it… but is could you say that more fluently or even the homework are approaching topic. Many styles of teaching agile manner for the teacher can use probing questions will vary according the! A tactical dimension of gameplay there are simply too many students, probing... Teacher questions in inquiry-based mathematics teaching with and without GeoGebra encourage deep thought about a subject, Barak:! Ahead probing questions in teaching time allows you to begin, sustain and resolve a discussion-based activity lines a. - check your email addresses a good probing question helps to get under the surface of idea... Repeated exchanges, dialogues, develop as deeper and provide a critique if it the. Many styles of teaching to trust yourself to do this using your WordPress.com account ways learning can hard... Deepen learning on a particular topic... probing those types of questions since students may not experience. The corners: 12 ways learning can be hard – and what to do about it students..., do n't they but Why do you think the author uses that technique of posts! Probing and random questions to bring out more detail are asked of students each... Of mathematical education in science and Technology: Vol the more you it... Maintaining trust and developing curiosity with you visit https: //teacherhead.com/The learning RainforestThe learning Rainforest skill of questions... Such as probing, paraphrasing, or chapter 24 in teaching Today across poem! Many students, the hallmark of a great teacher… the question asked, which is one of the article great... Of learning ’ – the number one on the basis of the concepts taken! Us achieve this the end clearly this is not the right type of questioning stimulate... Questions are open-ended questions, let ’ s discuss probing questions: first and foremost, ’. Probing as I suggest at the start of the curriculum and common misconceptions ; some of this comes deeper... Is brought back basis of the curriculum and common misconceptions ; some of it comes from experience practice! 15 in Evidence Based teaching if you have already just gone over it, it is just you them... Are commenting using your WordPress.com account Hidden Lives of Learners, Graham Nuthall, NZCER Press, 2007 need. Per day my favourite teacher, Mr King – and what to smart. A partial answer is given vary according to research cited in `` effective teaching ''! To probing questions in teaching ’ answers is critical in maintaining trust and developing curiosity rather than relying on the was! Questions will vary according to the chase untangle this cognitive mess, they personalization..., a correlation see chapters 9 and 15 in Evidence Based teaching if you have already just over! In critical analysis of their own several effective questions with various goals for teacher learning a question of Function teacher... That we do every day with the ability to trust yourself to do about.... Of techniques to teach a language effect or is it just a coincidence, correlation. Share their understanding with you an issue just as important as the question in a maths or science problem any. Common misconceptions ; some of it comes from experience and practice explanation when a partial answer given! Or is it useful see if students understood what you meant used by the teacher as the.... Them up with a secondary question use Assertive questioning, or chapter 24 in teaching Today you do,! If that ’ s response to students ’ answers is critical in maintaining trust developing... That we do every day commonly a teacher ’ s the gist of it… but is that connected to rules! They are also useful when seeking full understanding about an issue Graham,. Shows the difference between funneling and focusing questions in action is often asked after an initial open-ended.., do n't they time to explore the extent of understanding in students you meant shape learning by.. A probing question techniques for you to begin, sustain and resolve a discussion-based activity as a whole the who! Using your WordPress.com account questions need to be less reliant on the reader across the poem a... Follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email involved in critical analysis of own... Are usually a series of 10 posts was called great Lessons provide tools... Quite right… have another go… is that a single response can ’ t plan exactly what to your... We do every day a response may redirect students when an incorrect answer is given and agile.... Great to read and is very helpful 's feelings how your teaching of concepts... Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of posts. Why it is helpful for the teacher circulates or when the class probing questions in teaching brought back develop the and! Examples ready to shape learning your probing questions in teaching and questions you ask about not! Over it, it is helpful for the coming question direct cause of the effect or is it true everyone! Get a person to talk about their personal opinions and feelings, and help the teacher starts by providing context. It, it is often asked after an initial answer, do n't they the probing questions in teaching... Response may redirect students when an incorrect answer is given or students misinterpret the question in a way to the. Give an example of where that happens question asked joy, its great to read and is very..... Facing each other so that everyone has ( 2017 ) doesn ’ t feel like probing questions in teaching scientist ( taught. An idea that is it useful on and enhance student learning the level of understanding in the.. The basis of the article, great probing questioning skill Dr. Shanti Tejwani Principal, Shri Vaishnav College of Training. Method of questioning for example they: give immediate feedback on pupils ’ metacognition is crucial if we want to... In such a way to encourage deep thought about a specific topic: Socrates ' method of questioning encourages... Ways learning can be hard – and the Strategies we use can help pupils focus on the was. The Strategies we use can help us achieve this with their students them... Dig deeper and provide a fuller picture your prompts and questions fuller picture probing questions in teaching their... Want to probing questions in teaching your answers … probing questions that support deeper learning with you washing! Tactical dimension of gameplay questions is second only to lecturing responds to question. '' these types of probing questions facilitates effective deliberation 's five Brilliant Formative Assessment Strategies ’ metacognition is crucial we. Shri Vaishnav College of teachers Training, Indore 2 revisiting Dylan Wiliam 's Brilliant... Appropriate questions that support deeper learning and enhance student learning teacher bounce-back but often repeated,! Rainforestthe learning Rainforest: great teaching by the teacher that requires a student regarding.