Pig Farming Subsidy and Loan in India – A Full Guide. 14 0 obj PRODUCTION, VALUE ADDITION AND MARKETING BEHAVIOR OF MAIZE GROWERS IN TAMIL NADU – A CRITICAL ANALYSIS ������%��&_ Techniques for the vegetative progapation of maize are described. Unfortunately there is not enough production to satisfy the market demand therefore maize has to be imported. 0000006795 00000 n 23 0 obj Maize is a significant food source in Kenya and more than 75% of the local production is provided by small farmers. 0000011987 00000 n 39. endobj U]�Z��B�+fՖ[5F�D�i�1X���(�����t�P��=7�0���Mh�nY���$I�#Bnk��"�;pMlZ�/�o���;'�T+CAyA�T`u��2� ��G͹J�'�Fds&X�1G��y���W� �8�M����B�e����ͥF��x�v8s��Zs�e}�gr>A �*�*LF&)��r�Ь�1xމ4�al}��]s"��s����0�9k��n����af�|����������vX�֢��l�/Sg���SU0c-��C3]�S3'h �;@�l�.Pc�Ox���W&���Y[U/��I���T�-��>�#��8T�i����V\���0X>%>;����f�G�����4��K=��������Ƿ0�n] #. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 57 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 19>> Introduction The maize (Zea mays L.) is a monoic annual plant which belongs to maideas tribe and the grass family of gramineae, and their cells have 2n chromosomes. Introduction. endobj • Now by this rate around 72463 seeds will be required for 1 hector area. endobj 34 0 obj 4 0 obj The maize grains, or 'kernels', are encased in husks and total 30–1000 per ear. If you have a proper land and good farm management then you can get the 2500 kg corn yield per hectare. 28 0 obj �ʆ��M�UQ� @k����z��xs�X"҉�p��M�xn.���("���ѩ_�j8���'h��nB4���"�q�\A���w+C�I��zOl h��[[�S�"gz��c�ٰ T�o5�� ��MdX���Z5�������-۱{�� M�WY}��64���V�q�D�3;��cM� ��A�m͊�`R|GU�WO�c�+W��Y$�DXT��W����k����r2�6���۶5@U��+:�ĢwO��I�xFG�O��!��n��Y,�r�e�\tw�_�h3{Z�Ő;��E9a Read: Cattle Fattening Techniques, Methods. Maize Farming Profit,Cost,Project Report. Introduction Maize (Zea mays L) is one of the most versatile emerging crops having wider adaptability under varied agro-climatic conditions. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 63 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 21>> 2 0 obj endobj Maize is susceptible to both drought and water-logging. food science and technology) a dissertation submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of master of science in food safety and quality of the university of nairobi <> MAIZE:Post-harvest Operations Page 2 1. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 64 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 22>> @���൩Z�AG���5�9 �3%����蟵(. endobj �������!���y��)7�Rv�zO>��[��Q�A�$Ϡ��ր&��l]�nv�sX4{��U�&V��=L��*^ �?f� ���[��n <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 76 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 14>> S HOREORPRT T doi: 10.2306/scienceasia1513-1874.2020.073 Secretion compounds from Brevibacillus sp. Maize is the most important food crop in the w orld for people and animal due to its high quality nutrition. 26 0 obj 0000004653 00000 n �9 endobj �H��D"�(�7 ���G$š���Ł�����W'p�O����x"ߑS��т�WG�Ѳ�0��i��_> On a daily basis, we can access from maize about 66.8 to 69.5% of th e 17 0 obj Peace VEGETATIVE PROPAGATION TECHNIQUES Page 12 Schematic 5: Layering Source: Dr. Cselotei-Dr. Nyujto-Csaki: Horticulture, Mezogazdasagi Kiado, Budapest, Hungary (1985) Banking Up This is the most common method to propagate pear, quince and apple rootstock (M type clones). _��U�u^�4ͥ [�&�/5���w'����1�Q�� ��U �)�%��L���t�� &�MFw��3�dF�iÚ�Rd�/����3��ZbII�F�tg�#�2'.c^���=�S�.A%�����Բ+t�R驇̨��e!|�m3sR�����]Th�6�P�d�{�U�G5�����|{Йf�Z?��EqfS'lQ���� ��^�Zbu�l+����pW�Uf� ������>��>"#N#�Uk�}��Jny���%*�깖m�eU���J���^��l���i��)]�+�ːO�(��x9(0�B (���!� �^�V��37}M��9�\ �O�Hw�;�u#-N�;��\�+�� �]�Ҷ�"x�9�-�l�Nj�Z��Y@gP{�n���`��x�{� �F4�0��l��Za},Q���ĵ��ʷ�,����m�E�&QA��I�)[4X��2� ���^����H��.C2s�'h���_�'�-�E9N��䧧t ������`p�R��i@���pO�P��$U1^����f�T�? 0000078145 00000 n �=�ā���U�Z��7W �9D%l�����7ž��&�@��ྩ 22 0 obj <>>> <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 78 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 25>> The kernels can be white, yellow, red, purple or black. endobj Maize Cultivation Information Guide. 24 0 obj <>/F 4/Dest[ 18 0 R/XYZ 69 227 0] /StructParent 3>> History of maize In the Western world, the term maize is used in-terchangeably with corn. 13 0 obj Plant propagation refers to the multiplication of plant material of a specific cultivar, variety, breeding line or strain that possesses desirable characteristics, (such as fruit shape and internal quality) in such a way that more daughter plants are obtained from the mother plant. Sowing method in Maize Cultivation:- In Maize Cultivation, propagation is done through seeds. endobj 11 0 obj textile, processing, paper, pharma, film, tyre, packaging and biofuel, etc.. 25 0 obj information are available for many aspects of the biology of maize, and the reader is referred to the literature provided in this document as a starting point. 27 0 obj • Spacing of maize is 0.6 × 0.23 m , so one maize plant will requires 0.138 sq m space to grow. 1 0 obj �E���� �9�Б�0S��9���Y��~b^�U�s{\)�c>�;7��#��f2C��͛�O��cjz�^>f���:�v���UC�ȶ�YS6#GT�$-�`��RYʿuv2���I4���&�fUB�ҋ����bc���Ye�. Hisajima S, Arai Y (1987) Microplant propagation of maize plant, Plant Tissue Cult Lett 4: 38–10 Google Scholar Hisajima S, Church L (1982) Multiple shoot formation from soybean and pea embryos. Maize (/ m eɪ z / MAYZ; Zea mays subsp. <>/F 4/Dest[ 12 0 R/XYZ 69 464 0] /StructParent 2>> Globally, maize is known as queen of cereals because it has the highest genetic yield potential among the cereals. Soil and climate for Maize cultivation: In India its cultivation mainly take before monsoon start and it is the Kharif season crop. 9 0 obj endobj endobj endobj I��4w��*���p7�9����z|�����Z���0�v�oO�����L�Y����"�y�����2�T�z;�~�9�Nd�[����m4-i�Y ��"!��V;-��iT�Kg�F�Z��2�6h.=�~���rI%�uT�#�Z)�?_G�~��� p��v�h}����8"&��×���H.��.n/�\��#�tuI>M��.>s"+2}��/'FP&���Ғ���#O�rs~�P�����krs����w����/W�D��_d����5H:ٽ�斊��z(�gK�o/ �|�o�pM�a�@ي�{TpA�F�UW5Y= ݽ�0m�9�-yy$�/�rR�v�YG��kN���Y�� 甩�%0I�z����f��/=�#Em%5�8߿�Qt�Rk�,�.���Zt%W�s9QE�)9+���UE�P�DMk�*ߖL�$8�� isolation and propagation of lactic acid bacteria from fermented maize flour for the optimization of the fermentation process cherotich cheruiyot (bsc. According to Corral, Díaz, Monagas andGarcía (2017),the objective of increasing agricultural incomes in developing countries ranks high on the political agenda. Maize is an annual plant, surviving for only one growing season and can reach 2–3 m (7–10 ft) in height. ���+�2�6�����Z=��#��%�� ��Z@���k���Z祠hg�7]�!�~0�b�A�A�(,a�N��mV���������R2Eh�1�U�Ӑ�7���f��n�|[�ǘ��R%vߩ^ ��桎TJ`l�{���ʹ�1���hƶ43UX л5���'���QyE0���Jm)v����͗�g��=b�.|��: Sexual propagation Sexual propagation is … X� �z0,�h)Hco��o� 0000006874 00000 n This technique needs some preparative work. 10 0 obj Your Name. endobj 0000005975 00000 n 0000009346 00000 n <>/F 4/Dest[ 31 0 R/XYZ 69 134 0] /StructParent 7>> 31 0 obj agricultural sector was expected to propagate prosperity across all sectors of the economy in a distributional progressive manner.” Maize being a staple food in Kenya and a source of carbohydrates to a large proportion of people is one commodity that has undergone these structural reforms. Inspite of food and feed maize has potential demand in the development of various products in different industries viz. xref It is cultivated on nearly 150 m ha in about 160 endobj •The higher temperatures in maize cobs was due to elevated micro-floral counts which encouraged increased energy-releasing metabolic processes. Your Email I accept the privacy policy. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 56 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 18>> 4163 0 obj <> endobj endobj <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 40 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 15>> (�U�{ <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 67 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 23>> 6�.�-��c� &O�ߌ����Ars"�`�R��ɧچF~3h ���a��O5'P @���ZN��K�:��p�A�߭Q�T���NEۂ�,���t�x�澆h��\�o�����s� endstream mays, from Spanish: maíz after Taino: mahiz), also known as corn (American English), is a cereal grain first domesticated by indigenous peoples in southern Mexico about 10,000 years ago. <> 0000009077 00000 n Cost of Cultivation of Saffron, Saffron Business Plan. 4ISt� E�&}�DJ��hI����s��E6eAbsx�\�sc��/v���ǟ����R|}���A7=>�}�+�-��>}���?�BJϏ����N 21 0 obj mc�� �C�ʖ��Ǿ�� VN�u< The raw materials for this process are water and mineral nutrients (from the soil), and carbon dioxide (from the atmosphere). 7 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 55 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 17>> Chemical composition of the maize kernel Components % Carbohydrates 84,0 Protein 10,9 Fat 4,5 Minerals 1,3 TABLE 1. •The higher microbial populations in maize cobs may have been due to a higher C: N ratio (164: 1) compared to that in the groundnut shells (106:1). The reason for this is that all grains were called corn under early British and American trade and the name was retained for maize because it was the most common grain in commerce. ��edhm�|GZ����FN���?�D^�g�Ƀ2�|*����gH��Q��>&�'Q���r��|`�aB��5[��9M��/�X�_�Ɏ�7H�v(cM)�}D���Q�E�O�� �H�|xtg���6E��������IZ�x���t�A3aJ�۷(|�L�%�@��y�����}�3����B~�J=��CQfA4�{����G� O0�1�E\j��V,��o��&�� ��,54�&��l�gNn�s�$�4,C`�O��~�lNnI�oe�V�#0�/& �\"��XP��9R�>:{?�Bʤ���w�lի�¨��Hd:��]()����W������N�~����1[������`� ��Mnk� �t� �4j �����2�i��A�".�$���O��nx�s����]�_��*��£������oSC�⪵��t�Ӑ?�c(�d�P'[������Hej�fɁ�������3-z��3~���Ψ+������YBk��N���FIH~�mcD��Jql ��~���(�ֿ#㞐U�dKH{��;{7��KB׭�z@�E�P�)Sd~j;)Z?�ꃬ��*'����S������� h� �bP� �$���W�+Ͳ�����c�ڔ��uK�>�ȓ�֡NR���,� *�:��T�XM�ɢT�y%e5��4�!�Ilz3U�A3���5B&�?�w:?ö�~wL����J.����פ[��r�L�?���"̰0n���6� |[8��'��e �*0��H���:tk���С��� �;���0�j�5�D�ReB��w'!�:�.ǣ����ȃ�4�x��R1s��i=#� endobj <> �Ob�l�GУǥ�)z%�r|q����n���T5�u0�ɢ֧����˙ �n�K�~�G��3�X͈,�R21`6��BDV�G�z�I ���U��V7]�cBw_k��]/�|E� �R2����(�&�8$q��UG���I�(XSx��k�ô\ggt=�j�����z��̉�QXr��ui1��;��)p���5�>��Zk`*�n��t�J���5�'�����t1 }�!�� 0000010355 00000 n Should sow the seeds @ 1/3 rd of ridge from the bottom. endobj 4163 31 Maize grows best on deep, well-drained, fertile soils, and where total seasonal rainfall exceeds 500 mm. Maize Plantation. <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 75 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 24>> Maize, also known as corn, is one of the farm produce that gives an incredible return on investment, as one seed of planted maize could return more than 500 kernels of corn come harvest season. Maize Production Technologies in India 1. %PDF-1.6 %���� endobj <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 11 0 R 13 0 R 14 0 R 19 0 R 26 0 R 27 0 R 29 0 R 32 0 R 35 0 R 37 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> <>/F 4/Dest[ 36 0 R/XYZ 69 247 0] /StructParent 10>> 36 0 obj ����㯟��0$2���-CR?�X�^ �{a¿q�������d�k��^-�~u�r7�S���-�M�]�_��\x"��lܐd> A maize plant uses sunlight as an energy source to produce carbohydrates, protein and oil, which are stored as grain. %%EOF ��M� ��Kηɬ�Ł���@$�X1�[y�y��d����q��t)ߑ��Hհi�����$\���i�pqE�-UUh~���,��`l�R�\��栔זzp�����:��4�*�EJU}3�"5��4`��i�p�E�/��ṽuum7�,��£�곖��l�m���P���@ ��50�畉P9�� ��7͒� 8�CN�u�u)���R�R#�{K���AnPȑ�`r��۵ۨ��5��%�c3�[�5i��֬GӵnR��{�>k�k����\������N�WV� '��Op�g˃mD%������S�`{7:����p�,�(�a���Ҍ�a)�fL����6t�bN__�W3H���� �7���&@QU��H���ː��2QjE/bi(��QD�,܃�R28,S��2i�p�z�9TV�U�>�� �T���)*C�^E�T_�JI@�\��ehc۫�� ��2�9���*25.�b���E�Sqe]���D�p(�k�H�SA���$�*���>w�f9HY <>/ExtGState<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 62 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 20>> 0000000016 00000 n The techniques were successful for a long-season, day length-sensitive variety of maize. maize are: (1) that cultivated maize originated from papyrescent corn, a type superficially resembling a weak form of pod corn; (2) that maize is an allopolyp1oid hybrid originating in South-East Asia by the hybridization of two ten-chromosome species such as Coix and So~hum. ؞����Պ�1[���m�=O�$��*~ʶ�H}N`%���h�$�`]�#"�ށO*�D������F�PQ饉(�F��z7�-ڐG� {��� z�_9�OIbP3��M���H>���c��D�*�( o�D�� (#!a���z�`��I��u�qe�bί�!`y�A?���踿$�s�@�6�πd��Z������L�)3:��аD u�n)1�p��t�@�1*)h��_jWpj^�؟���;��(\�a�4j���&a'I:��C���ڸ�3��e��W䊬 Maize with a high percentage of translucent of hard endosperm is preferred by the dry milling industry, because it produces more of the popular high-quality and high-value products sought after than does soft maize. 30 0 obj <>/F 4/Dest[ 34 0 R/XYZ 69 720 0] /StructParent 8>> <> endobj <>/F 4/Dest[ 36 0 R/XYZ 69 533 0] /StructParent 9>> Maize Yield Per Hectare In India. �u����A}��mm���f�z0Ϝ�y*ɚ3%��"�ɥ�/pFU���a[:l-�mW�3O����p �TK�H49�s��x���OZw�lG�+l= �)=��N��S�4�����/?kUr9��綮�ފ+�� d�h%����&2x�S%V�f.���D����ch�ѬZ�lPFK�C/ � 35 0 obj <> It refers to the way by which plants produce young ones. <>/F 4/Dest[ 25 0 R/XYZ 69 456 0] /StructParent 5>> 6 0 obj 0000103403 00000 n Summary of Results 2014_AP45_Koga.pdf Is the only cereal, which %���� �I�C��$Rr�b��抋�F��9c�?^?�]���|�Z�pNDŎ���1�;ဥM[�^n�+T���/Rc�f)�Y&Y��-z���`�����Wx贈��ۉ^‘�����b>�V50�� 15 0 obj 0000074751 00000 n Maize is a warm-weather crop; it is unsuitable for areas with a mean daily temperature of below 19°C, or where the mean summer temperature falls below 23 °C. Tag: Method Of Propagation In Maize. Maize is reasonably tolerant to soil acidity, but if the soil is very acid, liming will improve the soil and enhance maize yields. endobj trailer 3 0 obj 0000008252 00000 n TABLE 2. ��/�KIJ��F$w�`!�]���-��Cԋ^x���h&��8gi M��WA�� ��ZҍJ��_��..h5���D�y��hi�Y��KZ�$�/���I"o#�L� endobj 0000005374 00000 n 0000031492 00000 n There are numerous techniques used in plants multiplication but they are divided into two maim categories namely: • Sexual propagation. 18 0 obj 0000006443 00000 n Man-made methods of vegetative reproduction are usually enhancements of natural processes, but range from rooting cuttings to grafting and artificial propagation … Other subspecies of Zea mays are referred to as teosintes. <>/F 4/Dest[ 12 0 R/XYZ 69 720 0] /StructParent 1>> 4193 0 obj <>stream 0000011202 00000 n 38 0 obj 32 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 60 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 11>> mays. {�~��Kr�v �� (G��Gq4�r���z04��L���O���QH��&Z�JN� EF2��4g��8Qj�ksH�m�}�E�F����? 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