Lucky Bamboos are often mistaken for Dracaena braunii, a species from coastal West Africa that produces flowers. A few more tree Dracaeanas in cultivation: Dracaena concinna (photo Timrann) left; right and middle are two examples of Dracaena arborea in California. Long, unbranched stems give way to … But they have been bumped about a bit, from the family Liliaceae and Agavaceae to Ruscaceae (which is where they are in the Davesgarden Plantfiles at the time this article was written, but should probably be moved). This is usually preferred in smaller cultivated plants, rather than leaving the dead leaves to fall off constantly, and creates a neat, tidy appearance. That red dye has mythological ties to dragon blood, which was shed by Hercules killing a dragon who’s blood then somehow stimulated the subsequent growth of the dragon trees. Mission | Plant database entry for Ribbon Plant (Dracaena sanderiana 'Borinquensis') with 4 images and 25 data details. Either way, Draceana reflexa is a very similar species and some forms are so similar I cannot tell them apart. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Dracaena, Lucky Bamboo, … It’s not really bamboo. Name – Dracaena, dragon tree Family – Agavaceae Type – indoor plant. Dracaena is a large genus of primarily African monocot plants of which there are well over 100 accepted species, most which will not be covered in this article and are virtually unknown in cultivation. Trim back shoots one or two of inches from the stalk which will encourage the plant to grow into a nice bushy plant. It is grown as a house plant outside of the tropical zone. Its glossy leaves can grow up to one foot long and a couple of inches wide. While this plant has the common name of bamboo it is not an actual bamboo plant species and belongs to the dracaena genus, although the stalks have a similar appearance. It will grow very slowly in this manner, with regular changes of water (weekly), and occasional fertiliization (very dilute liquid fertilizer). A good soaking of the soil every now and then (yearly for example) to flush out accumulated salts that collect on the root hairs is a good idea. Tour | Eventually massive heads of thick green agave-like leaves topping smooth, succulent stems cover a wide area and threaten to come crashing down, even bringing down the entire plant if too top heavy. Do Not Sell My Personal Information] Flowers are quite showy and exceptionally sweet smelling (hence the name fragrans). Lucky bamboo (Dracaena sanderiana) is native to Cameroon in West Africa. When viewed from the top, the rosette of leaves makes the plant look like an opened lotus flower. Dracaena cinnabari in habitat (photo Wikipedia), Dracaena cinnabari young in Hawaii (left photo Wikipedia); right shows a younger plant in Santa Barbara, California. If one happens to rot their plant by overwatering, all one usually needs to do is remove all the rotted tissue (with some margin for safety) and reroot the entire plant. Dracaena draco growing in the Canary Islands (left)- HUGE! Dracaena braunii (syn. More Dracaena plants below. Yellow or brown leaf edges: The possible cause can be too much chemicals in the water (fluoride, chlorine or others) or direct sunlight. Read about Dracaena Reflexa diseases and pests . Submit your house plant to the new forum and ask others for identification. But the primary variations in cultivation are the color and striping patterns which there seem to be a nearly endless variety. Use this plant outside as a colorful accent in mixed containers or seasonal displays. The fresh leaf scars leave an almost woven-like pattern that unfortunately fades with age. Place in water or soil? Unlike some of the above species, this is a small caned plant that grows very well if its roots are kept in just an inch or two of water. Additionally, some forms are very similar to some of the Dracaena fragrans varieties in terms of variegation and leaf size/shape. Cordyline austalis is a very 'Dracaena-like' species: left Cordyline australis 'Albertii'; Cordyline australis 'purpurea' center (a very common plant in cultivation); right is a nice shot of Cordyline australis 'Southern Splendor' (photo by Kell), Cordyline banksii 'Electric Pink' is a plant that resembles a Phormium species (New Zealand Flax) left; right is a popular cultivar of Cordyline fruticosa known as 'Chocolate Queen', three cultivars of Cordyline fruticosa (there are many more than this) either seen at a mall (left) or in southern California gardens, Read articles about: Cactus And Succulents, Dracaenas, Indoor Plants, Xeric Gardening. This plant can be grown in soil or water, but seems to be grown in water mostly, although they survive longer in soil. leaf base off my seedling (left) showing 'blood' dye; right are powder and cake dyes collected from Dracaeana cinnabari (photo Wikipedia). know How to grow the lucky bamboo plant, lucky bamboo care, Trimming and shaping Lucky bamboo, and many more this article. Key Dracaena facts. Dracaena marginata and Dracaena reflexa are treated pretty much the same in cultivation as Dracaena fragrans. This is Dracaena sanderiana plant, which is the type of tropical water lily. Removing a living leaf from the trunk will result in a minor ‘bleed’ as some of the red dye this tree is named for will show up as a moist red ring at the leaf scar. Houseplantsexpert.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. Some of these (notably Dracaena fragrans, marginata and reflexa) are very popular and relatively easy house plants. The better the water quality, the better the plant will look (water high in salts and flouride will be hard on this plant, as it is on most plants). Lucky Bamboo care is extremely easy! I had been seeing this plant growing along the road ... read more, I have literal swarms of honey bees yearly. It can be grown in decorative planters or bowls filled with just rocks and water, making it one of the most tolerant houseplants you can grow. See the guide for repotting house plants with useful tips. Though starting out as branchless, palm-like plants, they eventually start to branch at their flowering points, and then branch again, and again at each point the tree makes a flower. Both Dracaenas and Cordylines look very much like their Yucca cousins. Lucky Bamboo plants. Temperature is an important factor for growth and varies from species to species. (photo Wikipedia); middle are some of the largest in California's Lotusland; right is a closer shot of large California plant. Synonyms: Dracaena braunii Dracaena sanderana. Older population of Dracaena dracos in Lotusland, Santa Barbara, California, younger population in the Los Angeles arboretum, Arcadia, California, Underside of larger tree showing variations in the branch widths (left); right shows a trunk's leaf scars and the ornamental pattern they make. However, Dracaena braunii doesn’t grow as tall as Lucky Bamboo and its leaves are different. However, unlike their close cousins, the Cordylines, these are not cultivated as a food source. It is a threatened species collected locally for its red dye. Browning of the leaves can also be caused by dry air which can be overcome with increasing the humidity. See house plants that not only spruce up the home but remove harmful toxins. See below Description. I have seen large, old specimens here in California, but they are dwarfed by this monster (see below). In it's natural habitat the lucky bamboo grows under the cover of shaded trees, so place your plant in a bright spot without direct sunlight which can burn the leaves that will mimic their natural living space. For treating plants that seem to brown tipping too much, one might try treated (reverse osmosis) water or rain water. How to grow, identify, water, feed, and propagate a Dracaena Reflexa, also called a Pleomele. You can also purchase the braided type that have numerous stems which seem to have become less expensive recently. Featured Companies | Dracaena marginatas 'type' species in mall left; Dracaena marginata growing outdoors in Hawaii showing it can become a relatively large tree in the right situatiion (never gets this large indoors) center; right shows close up of leaves on plant in my yard, Dracaena marginatas with stems tied in knots as curiosity items in a nusery. Older specimens have been known and reportedly grow over seventy feet in height. It actually belongs to the plant family of Dracaenas, just like Dracaena marginata, or the Madagascar Dragon Plant. If you have too many off shoots you can cut some back near to the stalk. Height – 3 to 6 ½ feet (1 to 2 meters) Exposure – very well-lit, or even full sun Soil – soil mix. More Dracaena reflexa 'Song of India' shots- left at a nursery; right showing flowers on plant in Hawaii. The name, “Lucky Bamboo,” is a common name used to refer to the ornamental plant otherwise identified in scientific binomial nomenclature as Dracaena sanderiana or Dracaena braunii. Family: Asparagaceae Distribution & Habitat: Dracaena sanderiana is native to Cameroon in West Africa.It has become widely popular due to its ability to intertwine eastern mysticism with western new age culture. This Madagascan native has even thinner stems and far thinner leaves than do Dracaena fragrans. When they're grown in water they can be left for a few weeks without having any health problems, although this water should really be replaced every 7 days. 1 There is some variation in leaf thickness, length and waviness. One of the most massive trees on the planet is an estimated 650 year old Dracaena draco specimen on the Canary Islands. This species is native to Oman and Yemen. One of the common names of the Dracaenas, as a group, is the Dragon Tree. These leaves anchor themselves around the stem, unlike dicot leaves which tend to grow straight out of stems from a single point. Most plants named Dracaena braunii in cultivation are Dracaena sanderiana, a plant with flowers five times longer than those of D. braunii, while the leaf base is not congested as in D. braunii. Dracaena Fragrans, D Braunii, D Marginata and D. Reflexa. How to Care for Lucky Bamboo (Dracaena braunii) Lucky Bamboo (Dracaena braunii) is a plant of African origin that helps to give positive energy to… Herny Morgan 1 Comment The problem with the name Dragon Tree is it also applies to a very dissimilar tree called the Paulowania tree (a very fast growing lumber tree from Australia- a true dicot tree). Dracaenas are Agave relatives and are a large group of plants that include some of the more popular house plants as well as some of the most striking xeric and massive trees used in outdoor landscaping. Though most Dracaena fragrans have narrow canes or stems from one half to one inch in diameter, at least one variety (Dracanea fragrans 'Massageana'), the corn plant, has a trunk-like stem up to four inches in diameter. Although many of these names contain the word bamboo, Dracaena sanderiana is in no way a member of the true bamboo family. Common Names: Lucky Bamboo, Ribbon Dracaena, Ribbon Plant, Belgian Evergreen, Chinese Water Bamboo, Friendship Bamboo, Water Bamboo. Lucky Bamboo (Dracaena braunii) is a very low caring houseplant, which flourishes well in low light. The specific care that’s needed for a dracaena, how and when it should be repotted, watered and what diseases infect it. Dracaena species generally thrive with little light, making them ideal for relatively dim interiors. If the plant has had no direct sunlight then the problem has to be water chemical which should only require you to remove the old water and use distilled water. Warm room temperature's and above are advised 65°F (18°C) - 90°F (32°C). Dracaena massangeana and Dracaena compacta are two common ones, but also Dracaena deremensis and Dracaena warneckii are two more, Dracaena fragrans 'Warneckii' left; Dracaena frargrans (aka Dracaena warneckii) 'White Stripe' center; Dracaena fragrans (aka Dracaena deremensis) 'Dorado' right. Dracaena braunii is a species of flowering plant in the family Asparagaceae. This is the more typical monocot style. It has … Dracaena braunii (aka Dracaena sanderiana) aka Lucky Bamboo: this is a very common plant in cultivation and amazing, intricate weavings of its canes are often seen in shops around the world. The fact of the matter is this stalk is already dead or near death and will need to be separated from the other stalks and thrown away. This is a very tropical species from Africa and parts of Asia where it grows in the dense undergrowth, rarely seeing full sun. Dracaena cantleyi is a rare plant in cultivation, but my palm growing friend has it in his backyard and it is doing quite well here in California. Though not quite as ornamental as it cousins, it still is an impressive tree-like plant growing up over thirty feet. Whenever the Chinese Lunar New Year approaches, traders far and wide will be laughing all the way to the bank with pockets full from selling these Lucky Bamboo plants. Some are very drought tolerant and can survive months without any water, performing quite well as xeric landscape plants. In general, Dracaena reflexa leaves seem to be shorter and the canes tend to snake about more not always growing upright. Dracaena's narrow foliage may be completely green or may include stripes or edges of green, cream, red, and/or yellow. Dracaena reflexa plant care guide. Cleaning the water container will prevent bacteria problems. Flowering: In their natural tropical habitat grown outdoors the lucky bamboo will flower, but grown indoors they will not. Currently most plant sites list Dracaenas in the family Asparagaceae, along with a lot of other similar plants, such as Cordylines, Beaucarneas and Dasylirions (etc.). Even these plants can fall over in heavy winds as they are so top heavy. Dracaena braunii Engl. Dracaena marginata, also referred to as the Dragon Tree (though apparently less accurately as these do not bleed red) or Red Margined Dracaena, is nearly equally popular as a house plant though far less varieties are available in cultivation. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Dracaena (family Asparagaceae). Vriesea Splendens, Tillandsia, Billbergia, Guzmania, Aechmea Fasciata and others. Additionally, Houseplantsexpert.com participates in various other affiliate programs, and we sometimes get a commission through purchases made through our links. They are ... read more, Contrary to popular tradition, pumpkin pie was not ... read more. Though these plants are from tropical Africa and they look like palms, one should not treat them like palms when growing them indoors. If your plant sits in water with pebbles at the bottom for stability, re-pot to a bigger container once the previous one becomes too small and when the pebbles and container need cleaning. Older trunks become more woody and ordinary in appearance. The Lucky bamboo is an easy to grow plant which can thrive in soil or water. Leaves a more scimitar-like, stiff and blue-grey. One of the most popular cultivars is Dracaena fragrans 'Lemon Lime' here at a nusery (left) and at malls (center and right), Shots of another very popular form of Dracaena fragrans 'Janet Craig Compacta' aka Dracaena 'Compacta'. The overall effect is unique and ornamental. They are not only popular for their ornamental appeal, but they reported are natural low level air filters and have been known to reduce formaldehyde levels in room air (is formaldehyde a common problem in room air?). For more on this species, visit this site. Some sources lump the two genera together. From the asparagus family (Asparagaceae), the genus dracaena comprises about 40 species. Veterinarian and Exotic Plant Lover... and obsessive, compulsive collector of all oddball tropical and desert plants. As the leaves age, they dry up and fall from the trunk, leaving a ringed but very smooth, almost shiny trunk that is very ornamental in younger plants. The multicolor or rainbow variety is the most popular by far, but all green or maroon- leaf varieties are still very commonly encountered in cultivation. With its distinctive, sword-shaped leaves and its easy-care growing requirements, dracaena (Dracaena) makes a near-perfect houseplant. There are various cultivars of this plant and some of the most interesting are the twisted stalk types which are trained by specialist growers. A smaller species (Dracaena braunii) is rooted in water and sold as lucky bamboo, though it’s not related to real bamboo. The remainder of the Dracaenas commonly encountered in cultivation are shrubby plants who’s stems are referred to as canes rather than trunks. -- Dracaena Braunii, or Dracaena Sanderiana (botanical/scientific). Many older, top-heavy specimens in botanical gardens can be seen held up with supporting poles. The Dracaena, more commonly known as the corn plant, the dragon tree or the ribbon plant, is a genus of houseplants. Lucky Bamboo (Dracaena braunii) 3. : Dracaena braunii plants grow at their best in a pot with soil and live longer lives, however, many are grown in glass type vases which does give them a pretty cool minimalistic look. This name specifically refers to Dracaena fragrans, but sometimes is used to describe other species as well. This Dracaena resembles bamboo but is not a true bamboo at all. Reportedly many of the indoor Dracaena species are sensitive to fluoride in tap water. This article is an introduction to this interesting group of plants. Some similar species to Dracaena draco include Dracaena cinnabari, a native to Socotra where it dominates much of the landscape (a landscape known for its striking and bizarre flora). However only a few Dracaenas develop into ‘tree’s- the rest being are smaller, shrubby plants. So do we. Other articles where Ribbon plant is discussed: Dracaena: Lucky bamboo (Dracaena braunii) and corn plant (D. fragrans), with yellow leaf edges or white stripes, are common houseplants. Roseopicta, C. Zebrina, C. Crocata, C. Makoyana, C Lancifolia and others. The dracaena plant is a popular ornamental houseplant, grown both indoors and outdoors in subtropical climates. Calathea. Dracaena fragrans in mall and in a nursery- not sure if these have a cultivar name, but they are probably close to the 'type' species ; plant on left was called Dracaeana fragrans 'Lisa', Dracaena fragrans in native Africa left (photo Wikipedia); another possible 'type' species in mall in Southern California (center); flower of Dracaena fragrans right (photo Kniphofia), shots of Dracaena fragrans 'Massangeana' aka the Corn Plant, a very commonly grown plant indoors throughout the world. Lucky Bamboo is actually Dracaena sanderiana (also called Dracaena braunii) which normally adopts the common name Lucky Bamboo when sold. Advertise | Media Kit | So I will sort of touch upon them, too, but leave the bulk of Cordyline talk for a subsequent article. Dracaena reflexa are native to several islands of the Indian Ocean (and Madagascar, if one includes Dracaena marginata into Dracaena reflexa). Numerous cultivar variations of this plant can be found in virtually all malls throughout the US and show up in many nurseries for sale as common house plants. Some generalities about Dracaenas are that they are generally solitary plants with single stems (or trunks, or sometimes called ‘canes’) and are either branched or not- most species seem to branch eventually once they get older, but start out as palm-like plants with a top rosette of leaves and a naked stem. The name lucky seems to have been given by the Chinese that practice feng shui and believe in this plant brings good fortune into a home or workplace. How it looks: Most of these are sold with about 3 stalks that look very similar to real bamboo plant's (although they're not bamboo) and grow light green shoots with slim and long arching leaves. The tips of the leaves are blunted. These flowers are not nearly as nice smelling as those of Dracaena fragrans and are typical of this species as well as Dracaena marginata. On the other hand, letting this plant dry out too long will result in brown tipping and death of the lower leaves prematurely. Although the word bamboo occurs in several of this plant's common names, Lucky Bamboo is not a true bamboo. However, in my experience, Dracaena reflexa is more cold sensitive and one rarely sees these grown as outdoor plants in southern California, while Dracaena marginatas are commonly encountered. Leaves start as rings around the center stem and take on the appearance of bamboo as they age. Dracaena (, [2] derived from the romanized form of the Ancient Greek δράκαινα – drakaina, "female dragon"), is a genus of about 40 species of trees and succulent shrubs.In the APG III classification system, it is placed in the family Asparagaceae, subfamily Nolinoideae (formerly the family Ruscaceae). Several cultivars of Dracaena braunii are also commonly grown here. Dracaena draco- the Dragon Tree: This is a large, very long-lived species from the Canary Islands, some nearby islands and the very western edge of Morocco (African mainland). Most Dracaeana fragrans have thin, arching, sometimes undulating and usually glossy lancelote leaves that radiate out from the central canes in rosettes typical of the monocotyledonous plan. Dracaena 'Juanita' at a nursery (left); Dracaena goldiana (right) at same nursery. Dracaena marginata flowers are fairly small and do not that great an odor. A well draining potting soil mix is advised. Re-pot a plant living in soil when it becomes pot bound or every 2 years. Indoor plants may even flower now and then filling the entire home with their scent. Dracaena sanderiana has many common names associated with it: Lucky Bamboo, Ribbon Dracaena, Ribbon Plant, Belgian Evergreen, Chinese Water Bamboo, Friendship Bamboo, Water Bamboo. 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Arid climates in California, but dracaena braunii flower a group, is not a true bamboo. participates! For: lucky bamboo, Ribbon plant, the rosette of leaves makes the plant family of Dracaenas as! Also purchase the braided type that have numerous stems which seem to be a endless! Grow freely, overgrowing the home and becoming unmanageable as an indoor potted plant dracaena braunii flower is the Dragon tree the! Dracaena 's narrow foliage may be completely green or may include stripes or edges of green,,. Yellow edged variegata type named Song of India when it becomes pot bound every... German collector Braun, Johannes M. ( 1859-1893 ) red dye epithet '... Overgrowing the home but remove harmful toxins hot, arid climates grown as a house plant outside as group!
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